First Aid Measures for Burn Injuries

Mar 23, 2015 by

Responding to a burn injury will depend on the severity of the burn. As you may already know, burn injuries are typically classified into three types. You could be a parent concerned with the safety of your children. You could be working in an industry with high risks of injury, concerned with making sure you remain safe while on the job. Whatever the case, it’s important to be prepared and learn which first aid measures to take in case the worst happens.

First degree burns are the least alarming, with the injury affecting only the epidermis or top layer of the skin. Sunburns and other superficial burns fall under this category. It causes pain, redness, and swelling in the skin, which are pretty easy to remedy. Start by running the injured area under cool water or holding a cold compress against the area for 3-5 minutes. Make sure you don’t use ice or water that is too cold because it can cause even more damage to the skin. After that, you can apply some burn ointment or aloe cream to the affected area. You can also cover the injury with a gauze pad or bandage to keep the area sterilized.

A second degree burn is more serious because it involves the other layers of the skin protected by the epidermis. Aside from pain and redness, you will also see blisters in the skin that might break open and cause the injured area to look wet and raw. When this happens, it’s best to seek out emergency medical attention immediately. As you wait for help to arrive, you can try to ease discomfort by removing the clothes surrounding the burn, applying cool water to the injury for about 3-5 minutes, and keeping the area covered with a clean piece of cloth.

Third degree burns are the most severe cause the injured area to look charred, white, brown, leathery, dry, or waxy. Most of the time, the injured area will also feel numb. The most severe of these burns may feel painless due to nerve damage. Again, you will need to call 911 and seek immediate medical attention. Follow the same steps you would in case of a second degree burn. Just be sure you don’t try to force or peel off pieces of clothing that have been stuck to the injured skin.

According to their 2013 fact sheet, the American Burn Association estimates that over 60 percent of hospitalization cases are related to burn injuries. Majority of these injuries are caused by accidents at home, but some also happened due to accidents on the road or in the workplace.

Some cases of burn injuries could have been due to someone else’s negligence. When this happens, victims can pursue just compensation and find accountability for the devastating outcomes they’ve experienced. If you or anyone you know are in a similar scenario, don’t hesitate to seek legal counsel and learn which options are available for you.

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